The Berean Expositor
Volume 23 - Page 150 of 207
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The volume of the Book.
How the O.T. is quoted in the N.T.
pp. 47 - 60
It is evident, from the review we have given of the quotations from the O.T. that are
found in the New, that not only will it be profitable to give careful attention to exact
parallels, and to departures either from the Hebrew, the LXX or from both, but also that
other features associated with the quoting of O.T. Scriptures are likely to be helpful to the
interested student.
Rosenmuller has reduced the quotations of the O.T. in the New to the following
When the thing predicted is literally accomplished.
When that is done, of which the Scripture has spoken, not in a literal, but in a
spiritual sense.
When a thing is done, neither in a literal nor in a spiritual sense, according to the
fact referred to in the Scriptures; but is similar to that fact. The passages thus
cited, may briefly be termed quotations in the way of illustration.
When the sacred writers have made simple allusions to passages in the Old
Under the first heading come those direct prophecies that relate to the Person, work,
life and death of the Lord Jesus. The following table (Nos. 1 to 19) of the principal
prophecies, with their accomplishment, in the very words of the New Testament, has
been taken from Horne's "Introduction to the Holy Scriptures".
(1) That a Messiah should come.
Prophecy.--Gen. 3: 15.  He (the seed of the woman) shall bruise thy head, and
thou shalt bruise his heel. Compare Gen. 22: 18; 12: 3; 26: 4; 28: 4; and
Psa. 72: 17. Isa. 40: 5. The glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it
together. Hag. 2: 7. The desire of all nations shall come.
Fulfilment.--Gal. 4: 4. When the fullness of time was come, God sent forth His Son,
made of a woman (4,000 years after the first prophecy was delivered).  Rom. 16: 20.
The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. I John 3: 8. The Son of
God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil (that old serpent,
Rev. 12: 9). See also Heb. 2: 14. Luke 2: 10. I bring you good tidings of great joy,
which shall be to all people.
(2) When He should come.
Prophecy.--Gen. 49: 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver
from between his feet, until Shiloh come.--The Messiah was to come at a time of nearly