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the last trump"), sometimes by within, e.g., John 2: 19. En ho indicates "in the time
that," and is well rendered by the English "while" (John 5: 7; Mark 2: 19). Those who
sinned "in law" (Rom. 2: 12) are considered as being within its sphere (place) during its
time of operation (time). Among the more important usages of en are those indicating:--
AGENCY.--"Through the prince of the demons" (Matt. 9: 34); "With what measure
ye mete" (Matt. 7: 2); "Burn her with fire" (Rev. 17: 16).
The use of en in the N.T. is sometimes equivalent to the Hebrew use of beth. Where
the Greek authors would employ the Dative case alone to signify the cause or instrument,
the New Testament writers followed the Hebrew, for example, Pataxomen en
machaira(i), "Shall we smite with the sword" (Luke 22: 49). Katapatesosin autous en
tois posin auton, "Lest they trample them under their feet" (Matt. 7: 6). See also
Rom. 15: 6; Luke 1: 51; and Mark 14: 1.
PRICE.--A further example of Hebraism is the use of en to denote the price of a thing
(cf. Rev. 5: 9 with I Chron. 21: 24).
PARTNERSHIP.--"A man with an unclean spirit" (Mark 5: 2). "Shall I come with
(en) a rod, or in (en) a spirit of meekness" (I Cor. 4: 21).
There are many more examples of the figurative usage or secondary meaning of this
preposition which the student is urged to search out for himself. There are also some
suggestive combinations which will repay careful study, such as "At home" (II Cor. 5: 6),
endemeo is literally, "among one's own people." "Glorious" (I Cor. 4: 10; Luke 13: 17),
endoxois is literally "in glory." "To work effectually," energeo is literally to "energize"
or "inwork" (see Eph. 2: 2; 3: 20; II Thess. 2: 7). "To think on" (Matt. 1: 20),
enthumeomai is literally "to have in mind." "Thoughts and intents" (Heb. 4: 12),
enthumesis ennoia is literally "the things in the mind (passions, etc.), and in the mind"
The reader can multiply examples and should tabulate his findings in such a way that
they may be of service in after study.
Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals
thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred,
and tongue, and people, and nation;
And king David said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it for the full price: for I will not take
that which is thine for the Lord, nor offer burnt offerings without cost.