The Berean Expositor
Volume 4 & 5 - Page 64 of 161
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List of Greek words used in the N.T. in connection with death.
Word.
Its generally accepted meaning.
#
2
Verb: 1, To take away.
Anaire§
20
2, Abolish, therefore--put to death.
2
Verb substantive: The putting to death
Anairesis
102
Verb: To die; like seeds, to become putrescent.
Apothnesk§
69
Verb: To kill body, from Heb. cauthath--to break in pieces
Apokteino
as potter's vessel (Isa. 30: 14).
Always used of killing the body. First # - Matt. 10: 28.
2
Verb: To despatch by hand, from cheiriz§--to handle,
Diacheirizomai
which is from cheir--the hand
1
Verb substantive: About to die--the last extremity,
Eschatos
or the last grasp, of death. Root of "eschatology."
3
Verb passive: To breathe out--to expire,
Ekpsuch§
from ek--out of, and psuche--soul.
1
Verb: To slaughter, butcher, slay.
Katasphaz§
--
Verb: Root of apotein§ above. Not used in N.T.
Ktein§
128
Noun: The dead, those in the state of thanatos.
Nekros
Only used of persons. From ne--not, and kear--the heart.
Root of our word "necromancy," &100:
2
A making dead, dying.
Nekr§sis
3
Verb: To become dead.
Nekro§
12
Verb: To murder.
Phoneu§
7
Noun: Murderer.
Phoneus
3
Verb: to die together.
Sunapothnesk§
3
Noun abstract: The slaughter (for sacrifice).
Sphage
1
Noun: The bringing of an end.
Teleute
12
Verb: Bringing to an end.
Teleuta§
114
Substantive abstract: Death, the state of the dead,
Thanatos
the antithesis of life, The extinguishing of life.
From thnesk§ which see. Never used of putting to death.
Root of "thanatopsis," "thanatology," "thanatophobia."
11
Verb: To put to death, generally by violence,
Thanato§
except where used metaphorically.
It is used mostly for putting to death by law.
Not used in Prison Epistles.
13
Verb: To die, or be dead. Used of those recently dead.
Thnesk§
Apothnesk§ more emphatic. Not in Prison Epistles.
6
Adjective: Mortal, liable to death. Not in Prison Epistles
Thnetos
12
Verb: To offer as sacrifice, hence, to kill.
Thu§
The exceptions to this usage are instructive.
Root of our word "thurify."