VINCENT'S WORD STUDIES
2 CORINTHIANS 6
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Robertson's Word Pictures in the NT - Greek NT
In vain (eiv kenon). Lit., to what is vain. Equivalent to the phrase to no purpose.
The accepted time (kairov euprosdektov). Rev., acceptable. Paul uses for the simple adjective of the Septuagint a compound "well-received," which is stronger, and which occurs mostly in his own writings. See Rom. xv. 16, 31; 1 Pet. ii. 5; and compare acceptable year, Luke iv. 19.
Blamed (mwmhqh). Only here and ch. viii. 20. The kindred mwmov blemish, is found 2 Pet. ii. 13, and in the Septuagint of bodily defects. Similarly the Septuagint amwmov spotless, without bodily defect; and, in the moral sense, 1 Pet. i. 19, applied to Christ. Compare Heb. ix. 14; Eph. v. 27; Jude 24.
Distresses (stenocwriaiv). See on Rom. ii. 9.
Tumults (akatastasiaiv). See on Luke xxi. 9, and compare ajkatastatov unstable, Jas. i. 8. This is one of the words which show the influence of political changes. From the original meaning of unsettledness, it developed, through the complications in Greece and in the East after the death of Alexander, into the sense which it has in Luke - political instability. One of the Greek translators of the Old Testament uses it in the sense of dread or anxious care.
Watchings (agrupniaiv). Only here and ch. xi. 27. See on the kindred verb, Mark xiii. 33. For the historical facts, see Acts xvi. 25; xx. 7-11, 31; 2 Thessalonians iii. 8.
Fastings (nhsteiaiv). Mostly of voluntary fasting, as Matt. xvii. 21; Acts xiv. 23; but voluntary fasting would be out of place in an enumeration of hardships.
Is enlarged (peplatuntai). Only here, ver. 13, and Matt. xxiii. 5, where it is used of widening the phylacteries. From platuv broad. Quite common in the Septuagint, and with various shades of meaning, but usually rendered enlarge. Of worldly prosperity, "waxed fat," Deut. xxxii. 15; compare Gen. ix. 27. Of pride, Deuteronomy xi. 16. Of deliverance in distress, Psalm iv. 1. Expand with joy, Psalm xix. 32. The idea of enlargement of heart in the sense of increased breadth of sympathy and understanding, as here, is also expressed in the Old Testament by other words, as concerning Solomon, to whom God gave largeness of heart, Sept., cuma outpouring. Compare Isa. lx. 5.
In your own bowels (toiv oplagcnoiv umwn). See on 1 Pet. iii. 8; James v. 11. Rev., affections. It is your love that is contracted.
The different shades of fellowship expressed by five different words in this and the two following verses are to be noted.
Fellowship (metoch). Only here in the New Testament. The kindred verb metecw to be partaker is found only in Paul's epistles and in Hebrews: metocov partner, partaker, only in Hebrews and Luke v. 7. Having part with is the corresponding English expression.
Righteousness - unrighteousness (dikaiosunh - anomia). Lit., what sharing is there unto righteousness and lawlessness? Dikaiosunh righteousness, though the distinctively Pauline sense of righteousness by faith underlies it, is used in the general sense of rightness according to God's standard.
Communion (koinwnia). See on Luke v. 10; Acts ii. 42.
Belial (beliar). Beliar. Belial is a transcript of the Hebrew, meaning worthlessness or wickedness. The Septuagint renders it variously by transgressor, impious, foolish, pest. It does not occur in the Septuagint as a proper name. The form Beliar, which is preferred by critics, is mostly ascribed to the Syriac pronunciation of Belial, the change of l into r being quite common. Others, however, derive from Belyar, Lord of the forest. Here a synonym for Satan. Stanley remarks that our associations with the word are colored by the attributes ascribed to Belial by Milton ("Paradise Lost," B. 2.), who uses the word for sensual profligacy.
Compare the kindred verb sugkatatiqemai to consent, Luke xxiii. 51. Lit., a putting down or depositing along with one. Hence of voting the same way with another, and so agreeing.
Ye are. Read, as Rev., we are.
God hath said, etc. The quotation is combined and condensed from Lev. xxvii. 11, 12; and Ezek. xxxvii. 27, after the Septuagint. Paul treats it as if directly affirmed of the christian Church, thus regarding that Church as spiritually identical with the true church of Israel.
Almighty (pantokratwr). The word is peculiar to Revelation, occurring nowhere else in the New Testament. Here it is a quotation. Frequent in the Septuagint.