132. THE SYNONYMOUS WORDS
"KNOW", "KNOWLEDGE", ETC.
- THE VERB
- oida = to know (intuitively) without effort,
to understand. No. i is subjective, while No. ii is objective.
- ginosko = to know (by experience, or effort);
to acquire knowledge, become acquainted with; hence, to come or get to
know, learn, perceive. See John 1:48. 1John 5:20. Eph.
- epi-ginosko. No. ii with epi = upon
(Ap. 104. xiv); to know thereupon, to become thoroughly acquainted with;
to know thoroughly and accurately, recognize. See 1Cor. 13:12.
- pro-ginosko. No. ii with pro (Ap 104.
xiv) = to get to know beforehand, to foreknow.
- epistamai = to obtain, and thus have a knowledge
of anything by proximity to it, or as the result of prolonged attention;
in contrast with the process of getting to know it, or with a mere casual,
dilettante acquaintance with it. See Acts 15:7; 18:25;
and see note on 19:15.
- THE NOUN
- gnosis = knowledge acquired by learning, effort,
or experience. the result of No. ii above.
- epignosis = precise or further knowledge, thorough
acquaintance with; true knowledge.
- sunesis = native insight, understanding, capacity
to apprehend; used of reflective thought, while sophia (wisdom)
is used of productive thought.
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