118. "IF" : THE VARIOUS CONDITIONS
CONVEYED BY ITS USE.
- ean = if haply, if so be that, from ei
(No. 2) and an, haply, perchance. The exact condition is shown
by the Mood of the verb with which it is used :
- Followed by the Indicative Mood (with the Present Tense),
it expresses the condition simply; without any reference to its being decisive
by experience, or by the event, as in 1John 5:15, elsewhere, and in the
- Followed by the Subjunctive Mood, it expresses a hypothetical
but possible condition, contingent on circumstances which the future will
show (John 7:17).
- ei = if. Putting the condition simply.
- Followed by the Indicative Mood, the hypothesis is assumed
as an actual fact, the condition being unfulfilled, but no doubt being
thrown upon the supposition (1Cor. 15:16).
- Followed by the Optative Mood, it expresses an entire
uncertainty; a mere assumption or conjecture of a supposed case (Acts 17:27.
- Followed by the Subjunctive Mood, like No. 1. b; except
that this puts the condition with more certainty, and as being more dependent
on the event (1Cor. 14:5).
For two illustrations, see Acts 5:38, 39. "If this counsel or
this work be of men (1. b, a result which remains to be seen) ... but if
it is of God (1. a, which I assume to be the case)", &c.
John 13:17. "If ye know these things (2. a, which I assume to
be the fact) happy are ye if ye do them (1. b, a result which remains to
Note four "ifs" in Colossian's, "if ye died with Christ" (2:20); and
"if ye were raised with Christ" (3:1), both of which are No. 2 (assuming
the fact to be true); "if any man have a quarrel" (3:13); "if he
come to you" (4:10), both of which are No. 1. b, being uncertainties.
One other "if" in Colossians is 1:23 : "If ye continue in the
faith" (eige = if indeed, a form of 2. a), which ye will assuredly
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