106. THE SYNONYMOUS WORDS
I. APPEAR (The Verb).
There are eight words (or expressions) rendered appear, &c., in
the A.V., which are to be distinguished as follows : --
- phaino = to shine forth so as to be seen :
having reference to the manner in which a matter presents or shows itself,
independently of any observer. Hence the word phenomenon.
- anaphainomai. Passive of No. i, with ana
prefixed = to be shown forth, come to light, come into sight.
- epiphaino = to shine, shew light upon.
No. i with ep1 (Ap. 104. ix).
- emphanizo = to cause to be manifested or shown
plainly and clearly; used of causing that to be seen (or known) which would
not otherwise have been cognizable by the unaided eye (or mind).
It occurs ten times : Matt. 27:53. John 14:21,22.
Acts 23:15, 22; 24:1; 25:2, 15. Heb. 9:24; 11:14. Cp. the Sept.
use for Heb hodia (Ex. 33:13); and for amar (Est. 2:22).
- phaneroo = to bring to light, make manifest.
Cp. phaneros = manifest in No. viii below.
- optomai = to see with the eye, referring to
the thing seen (objectively); thus differing from blepo (see Ap.
133. I. 5), which denotes the act of seeing or of using the eye.
- erchomai = to come. Rendered "appear"
only in Acts 22:30, where all the critical texts (See Ap. 94) read sunerchomai
= "come together".
- eimi phaneros = to be visible, manifest, or
open to sight (phaneros, adj. of No. v, above, with
= to be). So rendered only in 1Tim. 4:15.
- apokalupto = to unveil so as to be visible to
II. APPEARING (The Noun).
- apokalupsis = unveiling, revelation, manifestation.
Hence Eng. "Apocalypse". From apo = from (Ap. 104. iv),
and kalupto, to cover = uncovering, or unveiling. When used
of a person it always denotes that he is visible. Occurs Luke 2:32.
Rom. 2:5; 8:19; 16:25. 1Cor. 1:7; 14:6, 26. 2Cor. 12:1, 7.
Gal. 1:12; 2:2. Eph. 1:17; 3:3. 2Thess. 1:7. 1Pet 1:7,
13; 4:31. Rev. 1:1.
- epiphaneia a shining forth upon. Hence,
Eng. epiphany. From No. iii, above.
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