An Alphabetical Analysis
Volume 7 - Doctrinal Truth - Page 238 of 297
A proposition and declaration of the fabrics of the Tabernacle,
its furniture and the services performed therein, (verses 1-10).
A declaration of the nature of the Tabernacle and sacrifice of
the Lord Christ, with the end and efficacy thereof (verses 11-
Of the first general, there are four parts:
A proposition of the constitution of the Tabernacle of old, with
all its utensils and furniture, as it was prepared for the
service of the priests (verses 1-5).
The use of that Tabernacle and the things in it, in and unto the
sacred duties and services of the priests (verses 6,7).
The Judgment of the apostle upon the whole, both of the fabric
and its use (verse 8).
The reason of that judgment (verses 9,10)'.
So far John Owen.
Coming now to Hebrews 9 itself.  Just as the apostle contrasts 'the
earthly house of this tabernacle' which was to be 'dissolved' with the
building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens when he
speaks of this body and the resurrection body of glory (2 Cor. 5:1,2), so,
when speaking of the Tabernacle erected in the wilderness as contrasted with
the 'greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say
not of this building' (Heb. 9:11), the same apostle applies the word
'worldly' to that earthy and earthly 'sanctuary' (Heb. 9:1).  Incidentally,
the similarity of language and argument here, with the exclusive use, in the
epistles, of the expression 'made with hands', is one of the many indications
that Paul is the writer of Hebrews.  (See article Hebrews2).
It will be noticed that the golden altar of incense is omitted from the
first list, and that the golden censer is added to the second list (Heb. 9:2-
5).  If we interpret the golden censer as the altar, we make the apostle to
teach that the golden altar was in 'the holiest of all' which it certainly
was not.  The LXX uses the word thumiaterion in 2 Chronicles 26:19 and
Ezekiel 8:11, where both passages read 'censer' and can mean nothing else.
It seems to be the intention of the apostle to enforce the great lesson
of Hebrews by the somewhat unexpected alteration.  Both the golden altar and
the golden censer speak of intercession, and our hearts are directed upward
to the right hand of God, where the great high Priest
ever liveth to make intercession, having passed into the heavenly holiest of
all.  We read in Leviticus 16:12,13 that the high priest took a censer full
of burning coals of fire from off the altar and made a cloud of incense to
cover the mercy seat, and it is to this that the writer points in this
chapter in Hebrews.
'The Holy Ghost thus signifying'.  Do let us observe this statement.
By the use of the words 'The Holy Ghost' he completely sets aside all the
critical attacks upon the veracity of the records of Exodus, and by the word
'signifying', he endorses the idea that all these items of Tabernacle
furniture and service were typical, prefiguring the better things that belong