An Alphabetical Analysis
Volume 7 - Doctrinal Truth - Page 185 of 297
given dominion himself came under the twofold dominion of sin and death.  One
has only to read 2 Corinthians 4:4, 'the light of the gospel of the glory of
Christ, Who is the Image of God', to see the complete reversal of this
failure on the part of Adam brought about by the redemption that is in Christ
Jesus.  There are one or two passages in the New Testament  which, taken
together, present an inspired and authoritative definition of sin.
Sin defined
'Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the
transgression of the law' (1 John 3:4).
A literal translation of this verse reads:
'Everyone who is doing the sin is doing the lawlessness also, and the
sin is the lawlessness'.
'The sin is the lawlessness'.  The definition is negative.  In 1 John
5:17 we read, 'All unrighteousness is sin'.  Again unrighteousness is
negative.  In Romans 14:23 we read, 'Everything which is not of faith is
sin'.  Not out of faith is once more a negative.  Here we have the three
occasions where Scripture uses the expression 'sin is', and in each case it
has to be defined by a negative.  Sin is the negation of law, of right, of
Anomia and anomos do not in their primary sense mean transgression, but
rather that state denominated 'not under law', with its resulting condition,
'lawless'.  For example, 1 Corinthians 9:20 and 21 places the Jew who was
'under the law' in contrast with the Gentile who was anomos, 'without law',
in this instance limiting nomos to the law as revealed in the Old Testament.
The same may be said of Romans 2:12, 'those who sinned without law'; for in
the fuller sense sin cannot be imputed where there is no law at all (Rom.
5:13).  Sin is that state and resulting condition that places the sinner
outside the pale of God's law (not necessarily limiting the word to the law
of Moses).  Righteousness, on the other hand, is that condition and state
arising out of complete conformity to God's law (not necessarily limiting the
word to the Mosaic).  Hence sin and righteousness are the two extremes, sin
the negative, righteousness the positive.  This is further emphasized in the
words, 'All unrighteousness is sin' (1 John 5:17).
Righteousness, the real and the positive
It is an indescribable comfort to have reached this Scriptural
conclusion.  Darkness is the negation of light; sin is the negation of right.
The perennial dispute as to the origin of sin ceases to have interest.  God
is light, darkness is the result of shutting out the light.  We are here
concerned with the positive 'light'; there is no problem concerning the
negative 'darkness'.  All the other phases of sin with which Scripture and
experience have made us familiar are but the 'unfruitful works of darkness';
they arise of necessity out of the lawless condition that is essentially sin.
Let us give attention to some of the outstanding developments of that
original failure whereby man 'sinned and came short of the glory of God'.
The first word which we intend to study is asham.  It occurs 35 times
in the Old Testament and is translated as follows in the A.V.: acknowledge
offence; be desolate; be found faulty; be found guilty; be guilty; be made