An Alphabetical Analysis
Volume 6 - Doctrinal Truth - Page 245 of 270
'The Hebrew may say the Elohim, the true God in opposition to all false
gods; but he never says the Jehovah, for Jehovah is the name of the
true God only.  He speaks of the God of Israel, but never of the
Jehovah of Israel, for there is no other Jehovah ... As the entrance of
sin and suffering was the occasion of this deeper revelation of the
divine nature, Jehovah is eminently the God of redemption ... the
correlative of Elohim is man: the correlative of Jehovah is redeemed
man.  Elohim is God in nature, Jehovah is God in grace.  Elohim is the
God of providence.  Jehovah is the God of promise in prophecy.  "Thus
saith Jehovah" are the words with which the prophet always introduces
his message; never, "Thus saith Elohim"' (Duncan H. Weir, D.D.).
A superficial reading of Exodus 6:2,3 leads to the conclusion that the
name Jehovah was not in use before the time of Moses, but this is a false
deduction.  Long after Exodus 6, Isaiah and Jeremiah speak of Israel at last
knowing the Lord's name (Isa. 52:6; Jer. 16:21), showing that it is not the
mere name, but the meaning of that name that is intended in Exodus 6:2,3.  At
the birth of Cain, his mother, remembering the promise of the Seed Who should
be the Deliverer said, 'I have gotten a man, even Jehovah' (see note in The
Companion Bible).  She was bitterly disappointed, it is true, but even her
mistake cannot alter the idea which is resident in the title.  Abraham
entered into the redemptive character of the name when he called the place of
sacrifice 'Jehovah-jireh' (Gen. 22:14).
The LXX of Exodus 6:3 reads edelosa, 'to make evident'.  The name
Jehovah was prophetic, including all His manifestations until at length fully
realized in the Man Christ Jesus (see The Berean Expositor, vol. 40, One
Lord, article No. 2).
While the title given in the Book of the Revelation:
'The Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty'
(Rev. 1:8),
cannot be taken as a translation of the Hebrew, Jehovah, it most certainly
refers to it, includes it, and interprets it.  Dr. John W. Donaldson gives
the title Jehovah to the Mediator, saying:
'The name Jehovah has reference to the fact, that the God of Revelation
is the God Who Manifests Himself Historically, so that while Elohim is
the Beginning and the End, Jehovah is the Middle, that is, God manifest
in the world, and therefore always in process of being or becoming by
His acts of redemption and creative power' (Varronianus).
Elohim is the beginning and end in the ultimate sense (Gen. 1:1 and 1
Cor. 15:24 -28, 'The end ... that God may be all in all'), but Jehovah is
'Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the ending' in the Mediatorial sense
(Rev. 1:8; 22:13).
Jehovah is the God of time, 'This is My name unto the age, and this is
My memorial unto all generations' (Exod. 3:15).
'Him which Is, and which Was, and which Is To Come' (Rev. 1:4).
'The same Yesterday, and Today, and unto the Ages' (Heb. 13:8).
The Good Shepherd (Psa. 22; John 10:14).