| || |The Berean Expositor Volume 38 - Page 114 of 249 Index | Zoom | |
Perfection or Perdition
The evidence for the Pauline authorship.
pp. 84 - 88
In the year 1918 we commenced a series of studies in the epistle to the Hebrews
that continued until 1930, but there can be very few readers to-day who possess
volumes VIII-XX, and even if these volumes are still in use, they are not accessible to
readers who have become interested in Dispensational Truth during the last thirty years.
We therefore propose a new set of studies, in which the epistle will be opened up afresh,
and pray that its meditation may be blessed. It is quite the fashion to believe that almost
any name except that of Paul should stand at the head of this epistle, and while we do not
intend wading through this controversy, readers will find a fair amount of material for
the pros and cons in the commentaries of Alford and Wordsworth. One work on the
subject of Pauline authorship cannot be passed over so lightly, and that is Forster on the
Epistle to the Hebrews published in 1853 and now only to be obtained at second hand.
Its 670 pages are literally crammed with examples in which the peculiar diction, grammar
and mannerisms of Paul, taken from his acknowledged epistles, are echoed in Hebrews.
We can give one or two as specimens only, the complete presentation of evidence
demands more than we can attempt in articles of this character.
1.) In Heb. 10: 30 the author quotes from Deut. 32: 35 but does not give a literal
translation of the Hebrew, nor a literal quotation of the 70: In Rom. 12: 19 Paul
quotes from the same passage, and uses the same personal and peculiar translation that is
employed in Hebrews. That is evidence of identical authorship.
2.) Words peculiar to Paul. Agon "race", "fight", "conflict", a word borrowed
from the Grecian games. This word occurs in Phil. 1: 30; Col. 2: 1; I Thess. 2: 2;
I Tim. 6: 12; II Tim. 4: 7 and in Heb. 12: 1. Upon examination we find that the
context of Heb. 12: 1 uses such words as "run", "patience", "witness", "faith", "perfect"
that are characteristic of the context of the Apostle's usage elsewhere.
3.) Sometimes a passage in an undoubted epistle must be read with one in Hebrews,
before the full meaning of the word used can be assessed. For example the word
"mediator" occurs in Gal. 3: 20 and in Heb. 8: 6; 9: 15. In Galatians the mediation
of Moses is treated of, while the Mediation of Christ is left to be inferred. The references
in Hebrews however supplement this and give prominence to Christ, the mediation of
Moses being rather inferred from the word "better" than from any explicit statement.
4.) "All things under His feet."
These words taken from Psa. 8: are found nowhere else in the N.T. than in
I Cor. 15: 27; Eph. 1: 22 and Heb. 2: 8. The peculiar argument of Corinthians "It is