The Berean Expositor
Volume 32 - Page 232 of 246
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Reverting to Concordances that deal with the Hebrew, we must now refer to The
Englishman's Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance of the Old Testament (1843). To read
the introduction to this work is to be humbled. The prodigious labour involved, and the
pains that were taken to ensure completeness and accuracy, can only be appreciated by
patiently reading the Editor's explanation.  Upon revising the second sheet of the
Concordance it alone was found to contain 300 citations not found in the works of
Rabbi Nathan, Buxtorf, Marius, Trom, or Kircher. Furthermore it became necessary that
a census should be made of the words of the Bible. For example, there are seven words
in the Hebrew of Gen. 1: 1, and seven separate labels were therefore prepared--and so
on throughout the O.T. The work is an invaluable help to those who otherwise, through
ignorance of the Hebrew, would never have access to the deepest treasures of the
Other Concordances of interest are The Bible Student's Concordance by Aaron Pick
(1845), which places every word found in the O.T. in alphabetical order, followed by all
the Hebrew words and their occurrences, together with pronunciation; and The English
Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon and Concordance of the English Translation, by
Dr. W. Wilson (1846).
Of those Concordances that are concerned only with the English Version, that of
Alexander Cruden comes easily first. He published it in 1737, and the three editions
produced during his lifetime indicate something of the way in which it was received. It
should be borne in mind, however, that while this Concordance enables the reader to find
his way about the A.V., it is liable in the hands of the unwary to lead to some false
deductions. When it is realized that some English words may represent half a dozen
Greek ones, and vice versa, it will be readily understood that any doctrine built upon a list
of words found in Cruden's Concordance, is a doctrine built upon very insecure
foundations. The difficulty is overcome in the Concordances produced by Dr. Strong and
Dr. Young. Strong's Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, and Young's Analytical
Concordance to the Bible enable the English reader to avoid false connections based
upon the English translation. Strong has a system of numbers, to which all words may be
referred, while Young divides up the English words under their corresponding Hebrew or
Greek equivalents. Of the two, we prefer the latter.
Another useful, but perhaps not so well-known, Concordance is that produced by
Dr. Eadie in 1855. This deals with the Scriptures topically. For examples of these
various methods we must ask the reader to wait for the next paper.
There are also other Concordances of varying merit, such as Hazard's Concordance to
the American Standard Bible (1922), Moulton and Sedon's Concordance to the Greek
Testament (1897), and Walker's Concordance (1894). We have said enough, however,
we trust, to make it impossible for us in future to use our various Concordances without a
feeling of thankfulness for all the unselfish and unrequited work undertaken by those
responsible for their production. We enter to-day into the fruits of their labours, and we
shall surely share with them whatever of reward or recognition may be ours by grace