The Berean Expositor
Volume 27 - Page 27 of 212
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or Tom who, within the family circle, would be Isaac or Moses. The custom has indeed
provided a joke in an illustrated Yiddish paper. Moreover, the names adopted by the Jew
are contemporaneous with his times.  In Persian and Babylonian times we have
"Nehemiah" and "Belteshazzar":  under Greek influence we have such a name as
"Philip". In Roman times we have "Justus", "Niger" and "Pricilla". In the Middle Ages
we find Jews bearing the name "Basil" or "Leo". (For a fuller treatment of the subject
see Zunz Namen der Juden). Jerome refers to the Roman custom of adopting the name of
a country that had been conquered, such as Scipio, who, having conquered Africa, took
the name Africanus. Certainly there is intentional emphasis upon the Gentile convert's
name here. There is every likelihood that, as Paul was a freeman, his family took the
name of some Roman family immediately associated with this freedom. So, from this
time onward, the apostle is known as Paul; never again is he called by the old Hebrew
name, which, with his old self and past, was dead and buried.
The first missionary journey (13: - 16: 5).
Justification by faith.
The opening of the door of faith to the Gentiles (13: 14-49).
pp. 224 - 230
The remaining part of the story of this journey centres chiefly in Antioch of Pisidia,
and in it occurs the first record of an address by Paul. We have no inkling as to the mode
of guidance in the itinerary, but as the nearest land was the mainland of Asia Minor, and
as travelers in those days had little option regarding the chartering of vessels, the most
natural thing was, that finding a vessel about to leave for Perga in Pamphylia, the apostles
should accept the fact as sufficient guidance, believing, most assuredly, that a "work" had
been mapped out for them, and that guidance as well as grace was theirs.
At Perga a sad thing happened.
"John departing from them returned to Jerusalem" (Acts 13: 13).
"He went not with them to the work" (Acts 15: 38).
Ergon, work, ergazomai, to work, occur seven times in the narrative:
"Separate Me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them"
(Acts 13: 2).
"Behold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work in your days, a work
which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you" (Acts 13: 41).
"And thence sailed to Antioch, from whence they had been recommended to the grace
of God for the work which they fulfilled" (Acts 14: 26).
"Known unto God are all His works from the beginning of the world" (Acts 15: 18).
"But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from
Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work" (Acts 15: 38).