The Berean Expositor
Volume 23 - Page 122 of 207
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"This God is our God."
Elohim and Jehovah. Titles of relation.
pp. 63 - 66
We have seen that Scripture does not attempt to prove the existence of God, but
teaches that they that come to God must believe that "He is".
We take a step forward in our study when we learn from John 4: 24 that "God is
Spirit", and from the first epistle of John that this God is both "light" and "love". We
now go back to the Hebrew revelation of God to see how all fits together. The two great
names of God revealed in the O.T. generally translated "God" and "Lord" are Elohim and
Jehovah. The relationship of these titles to the invisible God Who is Spirit, and to the
Lord Jesus Christ, God manifest in the flesh, we seek to show in this article, and first of
all by means of the following diagrammatic disposition of the subject.
God, Who is Spirit, has two great all-embracive attributes. He is "Light" and He is
"Love". These two attributes are associated with the two great names under which God
has made Himself known, "Elohim" and "Jehovah". Both the attributes and the names
are gathered up once more in the lower realm of the flesh, and are found in Emmanuel,
God with us, God manifest in the flesh.
In other articles we have demonstrated that every attribute ascribed to God in the
Scriptures is also ascribed to the Lord Jesus Christ, with the one obvious exception,
namely, that of invisibility. We do not intend traversing that ground again here, but
propose an examination of the two great titles under which the invisible God has made
Himself known to man through the Word, Elohim and Jehovah.
The reader will recognize in the word Elohim the plural form "im" occurring in other
well-known words as "Cherubim", etc. Although the word is plural, and should naturally
take a plural verb, we nevertheless find in a number of occurrences that the verb used is
in the singular. This is the case in Gen. 1: 1, where "created" (bara) is the third person,
masculine singular perfect of the verb "to create". To leave the matter here, however,
would be to state but half the truth, and consequently to state a falsehood. Elohim is also
followed by verbs in the plural as may be seen in Gen. 1: 26:--
"And Elohim said" (vay-yo-mer), the third person, masculine singular).
"Let us
make" (na-seh, first person plural).