The Berean Expositor
Volume 17 - Page 110 of 144
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"For there stood by me this night the angel of am, and Whom I serve, saying, Fear
not Paul; brought before Caesar; and 10, God hath given thee sail with thee" (Acts 27:
23, 24).
Thus it was that Paul could say, "I believe God, that it shall be even as it was told me."
He could exhort these hopeless seamen to be of good cheer, for God had said, "Fear not."
The implicit faith of Paul in the promise of God, "even as it was told me," is seen in his
attitude when later some of the sailors were about to let down a boat and leave the ship.
He said to the centurion, " Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved" (Acts
27: 31). Paul believed the angel of God when he said, "God hath given thee all them
that sail with thee." Paul it was (the landsman, the prisoner) who cheered and advised the
mariners and the soldiers, for faith operates where reason and skill and circumstance fail.
Paul's faith made him reasonable. He exported the panic-stricken crew to take food, "For
there shall not a hair fall from the head of any of you" (Acts 27: 34). Paul's faith led to
works, confession, and confirmation :
"And when he had thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God in the
presence of them all: and when he had broken it, he began to eat. Then were they all of
good cheer and they also took some meat" (Acts 27: 35, 36).
At length, in spite of the soldiers' murderous counsel, "It carne to pass, that they all
escaped safe to land" (Acts 27: 44).
The OT. equivalent emunah, from which we obtain the word Amen, is a derivation
of the word aman, which primarily means to be steady, constant, established. "His hands
were steadied" (Exod. 17: 12). Pillars or props of a building (2 Kings 18: 16). The
constant care of a nurse is expressed also by this word in Esther 2: 7. Among the varied
translations we find such expressive words as "faithfulness" (Psa. 119: 75); "truth" (Deut.
32: 4); "set office" (margin "trust," 1 Chron. 9: 22); "stability" (Isa. 33: 6); "faith"
(Heb. 2: 4).
Faith in the N.T. sense may be described as a threefold cord, (I) A conviction, (2) A
cleaving, (3) A confidence.
The conviction.-This rests upon the acknowledged faithfulness of God (I Pet. 1: 21;
3: 15; 2 Thess. 2: II, 12). The cleaving.--This is the outcome, and a necessary outcome,
for hope and love are only separated from faith in idea, not in experience. The
confidence.- This controls the walk and manner of life. Paul's attitude on the ship just
cited was one of assured confidence. To the O.T. believer, constancy under suffering
necessarily implied faith in God. To" endure, as seeing Him Who is invisible," is said of
one who lived by faith (Heb. 11: 27).
The quotation from Hab. 2: 4.
The subject of N.T. quotation from the O.T. is one of far reaching importance, and
cannot be entered into here. Material is slowly being gathered to show the relation of the
N.T. to the Hebrew and the 70:, but this must be reserved for a separate study. The
quotation of Paul from Hab. 2: 4 differs from the Hebrew considerably, and from the
70: in one particular. For the sake of comparison with the quotation in the N.T. we
give the translations from the Hebrew and the 70::
" Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him, but the just shall live by
His faith" (Hebrew).
"If any man draw back, My soul hath no pleasure in him; but the just shall live by
My faith" (70:).
"As it is written, The just by faith shall live " (Rom. 1: 17).
"For, The just by faith shall live " (Gal. Hi. 11).
"Now the just by faith shall live : but if any man draw back, My soul shall have
no pleasure in him" (Heb. 10: 38).
It will be seen that the 70: differs very materially from the Hebrew, but that the
full quotation of the passage in Heb. 10: 38 is in entire agreement with the 70:, except
in the omission of the word" My." The Hebrew says" His faith." The 70: says" My
faith." The apostle simply says " faith."