The Berean Expositor
Volume 17 - Page 106 of 144
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from trespass. (The reference in Lev. 4: 31 will be dealt with in the article dealing with
the sin offering).
THE TRESPASS OFFERING.--The chief distinction is in the element of restitution,
the making amends by the payment of the principal, and the addition of a fifth part.
We learn from these points of difference something of the fulness of the sacrifice of
Christ for us. Both our sin and our trespass have been dealt with before God, and the full
acceptance that inheres in a complete whole-hearted obedience to the claims of God and
our neighbour is ours by virtue of the same offering. In Christ both sinful man and a
Holy God find common ground, "He is our peace". Seeing that these typical sacrifices
promise so much light upon the foundation of our salvation, we trust that none will think
the time ill-spent that patiently and prayerfully weighs over these weighty words of God
in the balances of the sanctuary.
The whole burnt offerings.
pp. 189 - 191
Having looked at the five offerings of Leviticus as a whole, we must now consider
each separately. The scriptural title for this offering is olah, or the "ascending" offering,
referring apparently to the fact that this offering is wholly consumed upon the altar, and
that its fragrance ascends in the smoke. While each offering has some peculiar feature
that marks it off from the rest, there is one feature common to them all, and that is
expressed by the word "satisfaction". This, however, is true if we have a broad view of
the word satisfaction, for in the case of the burnt offering and the meat offering sin is not
in view.
It is natural but not scriptural to limit the satisfaction rendered by the Lord Jesus to the
Father as related to human guilt, but was there no satisfaction in His spotless purity, His
humble and wholehearted submission? When the closed heavens at length opened, and
there was heard the voice of God saying, "This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well
pleased", it was uttered at the close of His private life, and the opening of His public
ministry, long before He died the just for the unjust that He might bring us to God. The
burnt offering and the meat offering speak only of satisfaction intrinsically. The sin
offering and the trespass offering of satisfaction for sin.  The peace offering of
satisfaction that is mutual. The first occurrence of the burnt offering is found in Gen.
8: 20, 21:--
"And Noah builded an altar unto the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every
clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. And the Lord smelled a SAVOUR