The Berean Expositor
Volume 12 - Page 135 of 160
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The Kinsman-Redeemer.
pp. 109 -112
It may appear in the eyes of some readers that a series of articles upon "Redemption"
can be intended only for those who are in need of the first principles of the truth, and that
those to whom The Berean Expositor chiefly addresses its testimony may pass these
articles by without much loss. We believe, however, that some of the most advanced
readers of this magazine entertain views that have come down the age as truth, but which
will not stand the test of impartial scriptural investigation, and if this should be so, it
necessarily follows that our understanding of the whole purpose of the ages must suffer,
and our views on many related themes be distorted.
It is possible that some doctrines which have been held very tenaciously may be
seriously called in question, and that other and perhaps neglected aspects will have to
take a more prominent place. We therefore trust that all our readers will realize the
fundamental importance of the subject and will, as a result, be the more desirous that the
teaching of the Scriptures shall be accepted in full. It is not possible to consider the
teaching of Scripture with regard to Redemption, without also taking into account the
teaching of the same Word as to the Redeemer. Redemption is not an abstract thing, it is
the work of a Personal Redeemer. That Redeemer is set forth in clear, unmistakable
characters, and when we have grasped the essential conditions that had to be fulfilled
before one could become a Redeemer, we shall at the same time grasp more fully the
scope of Redemption itself.
In the A.V. O.T. there is but one word translated Redeemer, that word being Goel.
The book which most vividly portrays the Scriptural features of the Redeemer is the book
of Ruth. A certain man left Bethlehem-Judah, by reason of famine, and went into Moab,
taking with him his wife Naomi and two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. There Elimelech
dies, and the two sons marry. They also die, and Naomi, hearing that the Lord had
visited His people with bread, arises to return to Bethlehem. The two daughters-in-law
go with her, but one, Orpah, turns back, Ruth alone accompanying Naomi back to
Bethlehem, arriving at the beginning of barley harvest, and therefore at the time of the
A kinsman of Naomi's husband, a man of wealth, named Boaz, owned fields of corn,
and into this man's field Ruth goes to glean. Boaz deals very kindly with her on account
of her faithful conduct toward Naomi. When Ruth returned with the result of her day's
gleaning and told Naomi of the attitude of Boaz, Naomi praised the Lord, and said, "The
man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen" (Ruth 2: 20). The A.V. margin reads
"One that hath right to redeem". Acting upon Naomi's instructions Ruth lies at the feet
of Boaz on the threshing floor, and at midnight upon being discovered Ruth answers, "I
am Ruth thine handmaid, spread therefore thy wing over thine handmaid, for thou art a