VINCENT'S WORD STUDIES
2 THESSALONIANS 2
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Robertson's Word Pictures in the NT - Greek NT
2 Cor. i. 8. Uper never in N.T. in a formula of swearing.
Gathering together (episunagwghv). Only here and Heb. x. 25. The verb ejpisunagein is used, as the noun here, of the Lord's gathering together his elect at his coming. See Matt. xxiv. 31; Mark xiii. 27; comp. 2 Macc.ii. 7.
Be troubled (qreisqai). From qroov clamor, tumult. The meaning is be unsettled or thrown into confusion.
By spirit (dia pneumatov). By prophetic utterances of individuals in Christian assemblies, claiming the authority of divine revelations.
By word (dia logou). Oral expressions falsely imputed to Paul.
By letter as from us (di epistolhv wv di hmwn). Const. as from us with word and letter. The reference is to a letter or letters forged in Paul's name; not to the first Thessalonian Epistle, as misunderstood by the readers.
As that (wv oti). Indicating the contents of such communications.
Is at hand (enesthken). Better than Rev. is now present. Lightfoot, happily, is imminent.
Except there come a falling away. Before except insert in translation the day shall not come. Such ellipses are common in Paul.
Falling away (apostasia). Only here and Acts xxi. 21. Comp. LXX, Josh. xxii. 22; 2 Chron. xxix. 19.
The man of sin - the son of perdition (oJ anqrwpov thv ajnomiav, oJ uiJov thv ajpwleiav). See on children of light, 1 Thess. v. 5. The phrase man of sin (lawlessness) does not occur elsewhere, either in N.T. or LXX. Son of perdition is found John xvii. 12, o LXX: tekna apwlei.av children of perdition (A.V. transgression), Isa. lvii. 4. The man of sin has been thought to refer to Caligula, Titus, Simon Magus, Nero, the Pope of Rome, Luther, Mahomet, etc.
That is worshipped (sebasma). An object of adoration, including things as well as persons. Only here and Acts xvii. 23 on which see note under devotions.
Temple of God. According to some, a figure of the Christian Church. Others, the temple of Jerusalem.
Shewing (apodeiknunta). Publicly asserting divine dignity. Rev. setting himself forth as God.
In his time (en tw autou kairw). Better, in his own season, Not before his appointed season.
Only (monon). The sentence is elliptical: "only we must wait," or "only it must work in secret, until he that letteth," etc. For a similar instance see Gal. ii. 10. The collocation of A.V. is wrong.
Letteth (katecwn). The same word as restraineth, ver. 6. Let is old English for hipder, prevent. Often in Chaucer.
"May I him lette of that?" (prevent him from it). Troil. and Cress.ii. 732.
"And bothe in love y-like sore they brente (burned) That noon or alle hir (their) frendes might hit lette." Legend of Good Women, 731.
"What lets but one may enter?" Two Gentlemen of Verona, iii. 1.
"I'll make a ghost of him that lets me." Hamlet i. 4.
"The flesh resisteth the work of the Holy Ghost in our hearts, and lets it." - Latimer, Serm.
Spirit (pneumati). Better, breath. Pneuma, almost always translated spirit, is from pnein to breathe or blow. Frequent in class. in this sense. Comp. John iii. 8; Heb. i. 7. LXX, Psalm cxlvii. 7; Ep. of Jer. 61. Philo says "the spirit of God signifies, in one sense, the air, the third element; and it is used in this sense in the beginning of Genesis... for air, being light, is born up, and uses water as its basis. In the other sense it is the pure wisdom in which every wise man participates" (De Gigantibus, 5). See on Rom. viii. 4.
Shall destroy (katarghsei). See on cumbereth, Luke xiii. 7 and make without effect, Rom. iii. 3.
With the brightness (th epifaneia). See on 1 Tim. vi. 14. Rev., correctly, manifestation. See LXX, Esther v. 1; Amos v. 22; 2 Macc. ii. 21; 3 Macc. ii. 9. In class. (but late) of deities appearing to a worshipper (Plut. Themistocles, 30): of the sudden appearance of an enemy (Polyb. i. 54, 2): of a manifestation of Providence (Diod. Sic. i. 15): of the heathen gods assuming shape and appearing in order to work mischief (Just. Mart. Apol. i. 5). In N.T. of the parousia. See 1 Tim. vi. 14; 2 Tim. i. 10; iv. 1, 8; Tit. ii. 13. In 2 Tim. i. 10, of Christ's historical manifestation. So ejpifainw, Tit. ii. 11; iii. 4. Only here in Paul.
Coming (parousiav). Or presence, which is the original meaning. In N.T. with a few exceptions, of the second coming of Christ. The combination manifestation of his presence (only here) appears to emphasize the resistless power of the Son of man, not (as Lightfoot) his splendor and glory. The mere appearing of his presence suffices to destroy his adversary.
Signs and lying wonders (shmeioiv kai terasin yeudouv). Lit. signs and wonders of a lie. Of a lie characterizes the three words, power, signs, wonders. All bear the stamp of fraud. For signs and wonders see on Matt. xxiv. 24, and mighty works, Matt. xi. 20.
A lie (tw yeudei). Properly, the lie. The article gives the generic sense, falsehood in all its forms. Comp. John viii. 44; Rom. i. 25; Eph. iv. 25. Comp. the contrast of truth and unrighteousness in ver. 12. All wrongdoing has an element of falsity.