By Charles H. Welch
The name is derived from the word Judah and originally its application was limited to one of that tribe or country. During the captivity the name seems to have been applied to any one of the twelve tribes without distinction (Esther 3:6,10, Dan. 3:8,12). In the N.T. the term Jew ceases to have the significance originally attached to it, for both Paul and Peter call themselves Jews although neither were strictly of the tribe of Judah. Under the heading ISRAEL the place of the chosen people is more fully considered, this small paragraph is only intended to call attention to the fuller treatise.