An Alphabetical Analysis
Volume 9 - Prophetic Truth - Page 147 of 223
Septuagint translation where sperma is used in place of the Hebrew sarid,
'something left behind'.  The idea apparently of sperma here being
'offspring', and of the word translated remnant, 'survivors' comes to much
the same thing.  This term 'remnant' is used in connection with the early and
partial captivities under Nebuchadnezzar and other invaders and so reflects
some light upon the main prophetic use of the word 'remnant' as it bears upon
the future.
The earlier uses of the Term 'Remnant'
The prophecy of Isaiah is divided into two parts, by the interposition
of chapters 36 to 39 which introduce an historic element, namely the invasion
of Sennacherib and his ultimate defeat as an encouragement to believers that
when the greater oppressor blasphemes the Lord (as did Rabshakeh), he too
would come to an end at the hand of the God of Israel:
'And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take
root downward, and bear fruit upward: for out of Jerusalem shall go
forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion' (Isa.
This salvation and fruitful survival of the remnant in the days of
Hezekiah but foreshadows the future day when:
'He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall
blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit' (Isa.
One of the sons of Isaiah bore the name Shear -Jashub, 'The remnant
shall return' (Isa. 7:3) and is the counter promise to the sad period
indicated by the name of another son of the prophet, Maher -shalal -hash -
baz, 'In making speed to the spoil, he hasteneth the prey' (Isa. 8:1,3).
After the time of Jacob's trouble, the remnant shall return, they shall grow
and be fruitful and bring about the blessedness long deferred by Israel's
failure and blindness.  This return will not take place until the Lord has
performed His whole work upon Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, 'And it shall come
to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of
the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but
shall stay upon the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.  The remnant
shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God' (Isa.10:20,21).
There is no break in the prophecy of Isaiah at the end of chapter 10.
Chapter 11 continues the story of this returned remnant, 'And there shall
come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse ... He shall smite the earth'
(Hebrew erets) or 'He shall smite the oppressor' (Hebrew arits) as the
structure of the clause also suggests:
'He shall smite the oppressor
with the rod of His mouth
and with the blast of His lips
Shall He slay the lawless one' (The Companion Bible),
and this is immediately followed by the reference to the wolf and the lamb,
the cow and the bear, when:
'They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain: for the earth
shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the
sea' (Isa. 11:6,7,9).