An Alphabetical Analysis
Volume 10 - Practical Truth - Page 24 of 277
The other apostles have left it on record that they were witnesses of
His resurrection pre -eminently (Acts 1:22; 2:32; 3:15; 5:30 -32; 10:39
-41).  Paul also was chosen to be a witness (Acts 22:15; 23:11; 26:16
and 26:22).  Peter described himself as 'A witness of the sufferings of
Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed' (1
Pet. 5:1), indicating that his ministry was a continuation of the early
prophets who 'testified beforehand of the sufferings of Christ, and the
glory that should follow' (1 Pet. 1:11).
To bear a witness, while it presupposes personal acquaintance, involves
much more, and for those of us who have no special spiritual endowment or
supernatural gift, our witness must arise from, be equipped by, and be
in harmony with, the written Word of God.  Under this heading of Witness,
therefore, we must consider the equipment provided for such exacting yet
glorious service.  We can gather much by considering the titles given to
the witnesses in the Scriptures, such as Ambassador and Apostle, and other
qualities and exercises referred to in the apostle's instructions, that are
essential to acceptable service.  Perhaps the first of these supplementary
studies could well be the words of 2 Timothy 3:17, where Paul speaks of the
man of God being 'throughly furnished'.
The goal of all Christian training is expressed by the words 'That the
man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works' (2  Tim.
3:17).  Light upon the meaning of these words will be provided by the
context, but before seeking this, let us endeavour to understand, as fully as
we can, the words 'Throughly furnished'.
Modern English has dropped the word 'throughly', and uses in its place
'thoroughly', but the conception 'through' is not lost, as may be seen in the
word 'thoroughfare'.  The furnishing provided by the Scriptures goes right
through; it commences with the 'child' (2 Tim. 3:15), it remains with the
'man of God' (2 Tim. 3:17), it is 'thorough'.  It is interesting to note the
different translations of exartizo, 'throughly furnished', that have been
made since the Authorized Version was published.  Rotherham translates the
word 'well prepared'; J. N. Darby renders it 'fully fitted'; Weymouth,
'perfectly equipped'; Cunnington, 'completely fitted out' and Young's Literal
Translation, 'completed'.  The Greek verb exartizo occurs but once more in
the New Testament, namely in Acts 21:5, where it refers to the 'completion'
or 'accomplishing' of a period of time.  Josephus uses the word in his
Antiquities (Book III, 2.2) where he employs it in connection with military
equipment, saying that his people, in the days of Moses, were 'in mighty
disorder, and in want of all necessaries', and yet were to make war with men
who were 'thoroughly well prepared for it'.  It is evident that to be
'throughly furnished' includes both matter and method, 'all necessaries', and
is the very opposite of 'mighty disorder'.  Evidently, a parrot -like
quotation of Scripture texts would not satisfy the desire of the apostle for
there seems to be indicated here not only the completeness provided by 'all
Scripture' (2 Tim. 3:16), 'all necessaries' but 'right division' (2 Tim.
2:15), the antithesis of 'mighty disorder'.
Exartizo is a compound of ek, 'out of', and artizo, 'to make fit'.  In
composition ek often loses its primitive significance, 'out of', and takes on
the meaning of excess or superiority, even as it does in such English
compounds as 'out -do', 'out -bid', 'out -vie', 'out -rival', etc.  Exartizo
is as near to the English 'out -fit' as one language can be to another.
Furnished right through, fitted right out, such is the equipment aimed at,
and possible to those who follow the teaching of the apostle Paul here.  The