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This Hebrew word is tiqvah, and one that has a most interesting and suggestive
connection with redemption.
The examination of the references, while it may have tested our "patience" has shown
that the governing idea is "patient and expectant waiting for the fulfillment and
completion of something hoped for". In Job, as in the New Testament it is "the patience
of hope". Now, it is true, that however exasperated Job may have been by the counsels of
his three friends, or however bitterly he may have complained against the apparently
insensate afflictions that fell upon him, he held on with blessed determination to the hope
of resurrection. This we have seen in earlier studies, and the truth is patent to all.
Instead therefore of going over the ground already covered, we draw attention to the first
occurrence of tiqvah in the Scriptures, a word that is translated "hope" eleven times in the
book of Job.
"Thou shalt bind this line of scarlet thread in the window" (Josh. 2: 18).
The word translated "line" is tiqvah, and is an instance of the figure Metonymy of the
adjunct. In this figure "the cord" mentioned in Josh. 2: 15 became a symbol of hope,
hope of deliverance based upon a promise that was honoured and fulfilled. It is evident
that Job held on to a "scarlet thread" which constituted both his "hope" and the ground of
his patience. He knew that his Redeemer lived, and because of the strength of the hope
that this knowledge inspired, James could speak of "the patience of Job". For, as we
have seen, it was the "patience of hope" that is implied and not an unruffled temper. We
have however to consider the second feature of James 5: 11, namely "the end of the
Lord", which must form the theme of our next article.
#14. "The End of the Lord."
(Key to the enigma of the ages. No.4).
pp. 28 - 31
We have seen that James speaks not only of the patience of Job but also of "the end of
the Lord". This allied subject now demands our closest attention.
"The end of the Lord." What does this mean? In what way is it seen in the book of
job? In the English language a certain amount of ambiguity attaches to the word end. It
can mean the end of a thing as contrasted with its beginning. "Better is the end of a thing
than the beginning" (Eccles. 7: 8), or it may mean the intention, the purpose, the object
of anything, "to the end that man should find nothing after him" (Eccles 7: 14), or it
may mean cessation, as in death, "for that is the end of all men" (Eccles. 7: 2). We can
say "that would be the end of all civil government" and mean anarchy, or we could say
"this is the end of civil government" and mean peace and security. The word used by
James is telos, which means "the end in view", "the goal", "the end at which a thing