VINCENT'S WORD STUDIES
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Robertson's Word Pictures in the NT - Greek NT
Conceived (eqou). Lit., put or fixed. Wherefore didst thou fix this deed in thy heart? - i.e, resolve upon it.
For so much (tosoutou). Perhaps pointing to the money still lying at his feet.
To tempt (peirasai). To put it to the proof whether the Holy Spirit, ruling in the apostles, could be deceived. See on ver. 3.
The feet. Graphic. The steps of the young men returning from the burial are heard at the door.
All. The whole body of believers.
Join himself (kollasqai). See on Luke xv. 15; x. 11. In all but two instances (Rom. xii. 9; 1 Cor. vi. 17), the word implies a forced, unnatural, or unexpected union. Thus Philip would not, without a special command, have "joined himself" to the chariot of the Ethiopian prince (Acts viii. 29). Saul's attempt to join himself to the apostles was regarded by them with suspicion (Acts ix. 26); and the fact that certain persons "clave to" Paul in Athens is expressly contrasted with the attitude of the citizens at large. The sense of an unnatural union comes out clearly in 1 Corinthians vi. 16.
The shadow of Peter passing by. But the proper rendering is, as Peter passed by, his shadow might, etc. 13
Of this life. The eternal life which Christ revealed. It is a peculiar use of the phrase, which is commonly employed in contrast with the life to come, as 1 Cor. xv. 19. Compare John vi. 63, 68. Not equivalent to these words of life.
Taught (edidaskon). Imperfect: began teaching.
The council (sunedrion). The Sanhedrim.
The senate (gerousian). From gerwn, an old man, like the Latin senatus, from senex, old. Taking on very early an official sense, the notion of age being merged in that of dignity. Thus in Homer gerontev are the chiefs who form the king's council. Compare the Latin patres, fathers, the title used in addressing the Roman senate. The word in this passage is the name of the Spartan assembly, Gerousia, the assembly of elders, consisting of thirty members, with the two kings. "The well-known term," as Meyer remarks, "is fittingly transferred from the college of the Greek gerontes to that of the Jewish presbyters." They summoned, not only those elders of the people who were likewise members of the Sanhedrim, but the whole council (all the senate) of the representatives of the people. Prison (desmwthrion). Still another word for prison. Compare vv. 18, 19. Rev., prison-house. The different words emphasize different aspects of confinement. Thrhsiv is keeping, as the result of guarding. See on ver.
We straitly charged. So Rev. (paraggelia pathggeilamen). Lit., we charged you with a charge. See on Luke xxii. 15, with desire I have desired. Intend (boulesqe). Or ye want. See on willing, Matt. i. 19.
This man's. The phrase is remarkable as furnishing the first instance of that avoidance of the name of Christ which makes the Talmud, in the very same terms, refer to him most frequently as Peloni, "so and so."
To obey (peiqarcein). Not often used in the New Testament to express obedience, the most common word being uJpakouw. Sometimes peiqw is used. But this word, in itself, is the only one of the several in use which expresses the conception of obedience exclusively. 'Upakouein is to obey as the result of listening to another: peiqesqai is to obey as the result of persuasion. This is the special term for the obedience which one owes to authority (arch). It occurs four times in the New Testament: Acts v. 29, 32; xxvii. 21; Tit. iii. 1; and in every case, of obedience to established authority, either of God or of magistrates. In Acts xxvii. 21, where it is used of the ship's officers hearkening to Paul's admonition not to loose from Crete, Paul speaks of his admonition as divinely inspired; compare xxvii. 10. In ch. iv. 19, Peter and John say hearken (akouein). That is a mere listening to or considering the proposition made to them. This is a deliberate course of action.
Tree. See on Luke xxiii. 31.
Repentance - remission. See on Matt. iii. 2; Jas. v. 15; Luke iii. 3.
Obey. See on ver. 29.
To slay. See on Luke xxiii. 32.
Taxing (apografhv). See on Luke ii. 1, 2.
Much people. The best texts omit much.
Were dispersed (dieskorpisqhsan). See on Matt. xxv. 24.
Of men (ex anqrwpwn). Out of men, proceeding out of their devices. It will come to naught (kataluqhsetai). Lit., be loosened down. Used of the dilapidation of the temple (Luke xxi. 6), and of the dissolution of the body under the figure of striking a tent (2 Cor. v. 1). See on Mark xiii. 2.