| || |An Alphabetical Analysis Volume 6 - Doctrinal Truth - Page 248 of 270 INDEX | |
property or possessions temporarily forfeited reverted to the original
owners. The word jubilee has come into English as a transliteration of the
Hebrew word yobel, which is derived from yabal, meaning 'to flow' or 'go
forth', as in Isaiah 55:12:
We have purposely retained the modern spelling.
'For ye shall go out (yatsa, as in the exodus, Exod. 14:8, and in the
Jubilee, Exod. 21:2,3) with joy, and be led forth (yabal) with peace'.
The first occurrence of the word yobel is in Exodus 19:13 where it is
translated in the A.V. by 'trumpet'. It occurs five times in Joshua
(6:4,5,6,8,13) translated 'rams' horns' or 'ram's horn'. The remaining
twenty -one occurrences, all of which are found in Leviticus and Numbers, are
translated by the word jubile, which we more commonly spell 'jubilee'.
While dealing with the meaning of the word we must not ignore the
testimony of the Septuagint. Granting that the translators of the Septuagint
were uninspired men, we must ever remember the following facts, that the bulk
of the quotations in the New Testament are from the Septuagint version, and
the presence in home, synagogue and school of that version for several
centuries gave sanction and fixity to the words used in its doctrines
which neither the Lord nor His apostles contravened, but accepted as starting
points for their own teaching.
The word used by the LXX throughout Leviticus and Numbers for
translating 'jubilee' is the Greek word aphesis. What they meant by the word
they explain themselves:
'And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty' (Lev.
'The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me ... to proclaim liberty to the
captives ... to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord' (Isa.
The connection between the jubilee and the acceptable year of the Lord
is beyond controversy if words mean anything. Moreover this 'acceptable
year' is given another title in Isaiah 63:4 where it is called 'the year of
My redeemed'. Isaiah, chapter 35, refers to the same event. There we have
the close association of vengeance and the salvation of Israel. If the
acceptable year is called 'the year of My redeemed' in Isaiah, chapter 63,
they who participate in it are called 'the ransomed of the Lord' (Isa.
Whatever our appreciation of the LXX may be, we can have no reserve
with regard to the inspiration of the Hebrew of Ezekiel. There we have the
Greek word aphesis translating the Hebrew deror, 'it shall be his to the year
of liberty' (Ezek. 46:17), which is a direct reference to the jubilee, 'to
proclaim liberty throughout the land' (Lev. 25:10).
These passages present one solid, unassailable front and he who rejects
them rejects the Word of God. To complete our survey we must observe the way
in which the word aphesis is used in the New Testament :